Write a detailed essay on the stream of consciousness technique
In literature, stream of consciousness is a method of narration that describes happenings in the flow of thoughts in the minds of the characters. The term was initially coined by psychologist William James in his research, The Principles of Psychology. He writes:. The stream of consciousness style of writing is marked by the sudden rise of thoughts and lack of punctuation. The use of this narration style is generally associated with the modern novelist and short story writers of the 20th century. Let us analyze a few examples of the stream of consciousness narrative technique in literature:.
In literary criticism , stream of consciousness is a narrative mode or method that attempts "to depict the multitudinous thoughts and feelings which [ sic ] pass through the mind" of a narrator. In , the novelist May Sinclair — first applied the term stream of consciousness, in a literary context, when discussing Dorothy Richardson 's — novels. Stream of consciousness is a narrative device that attempts to give the written equivalent of the character's thought processes , either in a loose interior monologue see below , or in connection to his or her actions. Stream-of-consciousness writing is usually regarded as a special form of interior monologue and is characterized by associative leaps in thought and lack some or all punctuation. In stream of consciousness, the speaker's thought processes are more often depicted as overheard in the mind or addressed to oneself ; it is primarily a fictional device. An early use of the term is found in philosopher and psychologist William James 's The Principles of Psychology :.
The writing style used by Conrad has also been associated with an impact on the development of the modern British Literature. Conrad mainly used his personal memories as materials for literary activities that created a realistic view of the literary work. He implemented the overall view of the world in the writing of public statements, letter extracts and books. In addition, the style of characterization used by Conrad has been effective in contributing to the characterization method used in the modern literary materials White For instance, he used the idea of actual people to create the characters in his novels and short stories.
Stream of consciousness is a modernist narrative technique that attempts to create the illusion that the reader is experiencing the unstructured flow of observations, ideas, memories, and associations that occur in the mind of the fictional character. The stream is often illogical and puzzling in its apparent disorganization, but some patterns of association, habits of thought or recurrent images begin to emerge, providing indications of the overriding fears, preoccupations and interests of the character. The stream of consciousness tries to portray the elemental, emotional life, and the hidden psychological life of the character. In To the Lighthouse, Virginia Woolf develops the stream of consciousness technique as a means of exploring the inner lives of her characters, and she displays life as an aspect and function of the mind.