In all academic writing, Quotations must have appropriate punctuation. In order to determine how to punctuate the phrase that comes before a quotation, you need to know whether the phase is an independent clause. Here, you have three options:. If the quotation is preceded by a form of a word like say, reply, or answer, that word is followed by a comma. If a complete sentence or independent clause precedes the quotation, a colon is the appropriate mark of punctuation.
How to Introduce a Quote ⇒ Tips on Using Quotations
Click here! Dashes, commas, colons, and ellipses are often used to heighten drama in a sentence. But not always in a good way. The most versatile of the marks is the comma. It wears many hats, but its two main functions are: a to set off nonessential expressions that interrupt the flow of thought and b to separate elements, thereby clarifying the relationship between them.
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When printing this page, you must include the entire legal notice. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission. Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use. When speaking, we can pause or change the tone of our voices to indicate emphasis.